Jeremy Bernard Corbyn (born 26 May 1949) is a British Labour Party politician who is Leader of the Labour Party and the Leader of the Opposition. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Born in Chippenham Wiltshire, Corbyn briefly attended
A self-described democratic socialist, Corbyn advocates the nationalisation of public utilities and railways, combatting corporate tax evasion and avoidance as an alternative to austerity, abolishing university tuition fees and restoring student grants, policy nuclear disarmament, quantitative easing to fund infrastructure and renewable energy projects, and reversing cuts to the public sector and welfare made since 2010 by the government of David Cameron. He is a member of the Socialist Campaign Group, the Palestine Solidarity Campaign, Amnesty International and theCampaign for Nuclear Disarmament, and is the National Chair of theStop the War Coalition.
On 6 June 2015, Corbyn announced his candidacy for the leadership of the Labour Party
. Although he was initially regarded as a fringe candidate in the to the Labour Party, as well as three non-affiliated trade unions. On 12 September 2015, he was elected Leader of the Labour Party, with 59.5% of the votes in the first round of the ballot. The Labour Party’s origins lie in the late 19th century numeric increase of the urban proletariat and the extension of the franchise to working-class males, when it became apparent that there was a need for a political party to represent the interests and needs of those groups. Some members of the trade union movement became interested in moving into the political field, and after the extensions of the franchise in 1867 and 1885, the Liberal Party endorsed some trade-union sponsored candidates. In addition, several small socialist groups had formed around this time with the intention of linking the movement to political policies. Among these were the Independent Labour Party, the intellectual and largely middle-class Fabian Society, the Social Democratic Federation and the Scottish Labour Party.
It was during this period that British socialism began to make headway in local government. In 1889, a “Progressive” party composed of Fabians and British Liberals took control of London County Council at the first elections held there. This was the first council to have substantial socialist influence, and carried out a program of municipalisation, while constructing some of the first social housing in England and increasing public spending on services such as the Fire Brigade. In addition, the number of parks and public baths were increased, London’s sewerage system was improved, roads were widened and paved, and the Blackwall Tunnel, linking the Isle of Dogs with Greenwich, was opened in 1897. The Women’s Labour League, which was active in the field of social policy, set up a child welfare clinic in Kensington before the outbreak of World War I.
The Labour Party started as a Socialist movement, The democrats did not, but people in the USA expect the party to become Socialist. at times unrealistically.
Corbyn’s policy views are way out to the left of the Labour mainstream. Not all of his ideas are extreme, but enough of them are that the party chiefs fear they’re unelectable now that he’s going to lead the party.
The BBC has an excellent rundown of Corbyn’s actual policy platform. It includes, among other things, renationalizing Britain’s railroad system and energy companies, abolishing tuition for British universities, and imposing rent controls to deal with Britain’s affordable housing problem. He’s even open to reopening the coal mines that used to be a big part of Britain’s economy. It’s essentially a throwback to the unreconstructed socialism — the real thing, way beyond Bernie Sanders — of the old-school British Labour Party, which used to be way more into the idea of the government controlling huge sectors of the economy.
Some of Corbyn’s ideas are more appealing than others. Most importantly, he wants to end Britain’s austerity spending cuts, which damaged the UK’s recovery from the Great Recession. He also proposes something called “people’s quantitative easing,” in which the Bank of England would print money to invest in infrastructure projects. This won him praise from the Financial Times’s Matthew Klein, who described it as a good way to get money into the hands of ordinary Brits and thus stimulate the economy.
Corbyn’s positions on foreign policy are more extreme. He wants to withdraw from NATO and abolish the UK’s nuclear arsenal, and has suggested that Blair could face a war crimes trial for his role in the Iraq War. His position on Ukraine echoes the Kremlin’s: He’s written that Russian expansionism “is not unprovoked” and that “the obsession with cold war politics that exercises the Nato and EU leaderships is fueling the crisis.”