Christian socialism is a form of religious socialism based on the teachings of Jesus. Many, but not all, Christian socialists believe capitalism to be idolatrous and rooted in greed, which some Christian denominations consider a mortal sin. Christian socialists identify the cause of inequality to be associated with the greed that they associate with capitalism.Christian socialism became a major movement in the United Kingdom beginning in the 1960s through the Christian Socialist Movement.
he Christians on the Left formerly known as the Christian Socialist Movement, or CSM, is a socialist society affiliated to the British Labor Party. The CSM was an amalgamation of the Society of Socialist Clergy and Ministers and the Socialist Christian League. R. H. Tawney made one of his last public appearances at the Movement’s inaugural meeting on 22 January 1960. Donald Soper chaired the Movement until becoming its President in 1975. In August 2013 it announced that following a consultant with its members it would be changing its name to Christians on the Left.
The movement fulfilled a need among political activists on Christian left in Britain for an organization that would be politically engaged and theologically reflective at the same time. It affiliated to the Labor Party in 1988.
The CSM was a volunteer organization until 1994 when it appointed a coordinator, followed by an administrator. This followed interest in the movement following the disclosure that the then Labor Leader John Smith was a member.
Today the CSM has over 40 members in the House of Commons and House of Lords and the former prime minister Gordon Brown. As of April 2009, its Director is Andy Flannagan; its Executive Committee Chair is Alun Michael; its Vice Chair is Helen Dennis.
CSM is a member organization of the International League of Religious Socialists.
You shall not oppress your neighbor,but you shall love your neighbour as yourself: I am the Lord
—(Lev 19:13, 18).
He [the Lord your God] executes justice for the fatherless and the widow, and loves the sojourner, giving him food and clothing. Love the sojourner therefore; for you were sojourners in the land of Egypt
When you reap in your harvest in the field, and have forgotten a sheaf in the field, you shall not go back to get it…When you beat your olive trees, you shall not go over the boughs again…When you gather the grapes of your vineyard, you shall not glean it afterward; it shall be for the sojourner, the fatherless and the widow. You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt; therefore I command you to do this
Come now, you rich, weep and howl for the miseries that are coming upon you. Your riches have rotted and your garments are moth-eaten. Your gold and silver have rusted, and their rust will be evidence against you and will eat your flesh like fire. You have laid up for treasure for the last days. Behold, the wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you have kept back by fraud, cry out; and the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of hosts. You have lived on the earth in luxury and in pleasure; you have fattened your hearts in a day of slaughter
Some of the verses which inspired the communal arrangements of the Anabaptist Hutterites are Acts 2, verses 44 and 45:
“All the believers were together and had everything in common. Selling their possessions and goods, they gave to anyone as he had need.”
Acts 4, verse 32:
“All the believers were one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of his possessions were his own, but they shared everything they had.”
and Acts 4, verses 34 and 35:
“There were no needy persons among them. For from time to time those who owned lands or houses sold them, brought the money from their sales and put it at the apostles’ feet, and it was distributed to anyone as he had need.”
Social Christians (Cristiano Sociali, CS) is a Christian social-democratic faction within the Democratic Party, a political party in Italy.
The group was founded as a party by trade-union leader Pierre Carniti and economist Ermanno Gorrieri and, since their foundation in 1993 in order to represent progressive Catholics and left-wing Christian Democrats in the Alliance of Progressives. In 1998 Social Christians contributed to the foundation of the Democrats of the Left and were later a faction within that party. In 2007 they were keen supporters of the foundation of the Democratic Party and most of its members were very close to the first party leader Walter Veltroni.
In the 2009 Democratic Party leadership election the faction chose to support Pier Luigi Bersani, while two former leading Social Christians, Giorgio Tonini and Stefano Ceccanti, who had been close aides to Walter Veltroni, supported Dario Franceschini.
The group currently counts 5,500 members, one deputy (Fabio Porta), three senators (Mimmo Lucà, Donata Lenzi and Paolo Corsini),four regional and more than 200 provincial and municipal councillors. Social Christians are a member of the International League of Religious Socialists.
The Episcopal Church Socialist League (ECSL) is a member-facilitated association of persons in the Anglican communion who hold that the Socialist project is a fulfillment of the Christian vision. Episcopalian Socialists are those for whom the message of Jesus Christ is both the salvation of the human race and an instruction to begin building the Kingdom on earth. The ECSL is an amalgamation of traditionalists, moderates, progressives, and radicals who are rooted in the spectrum of historic Anglican tendencies: evangelical, Reformed, latitudinarian, liberal, and Anglo-Catholic. Christian Socialism has its foundation in the New Testament book of Acts 2:44-45 and 4:32-35, and draws inspiration from the myriad historical movements within the development of Socialist thought and Christian theology.